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Basic Goat Care For New Goat Keepers

Basic Goat Care For New Goat Keepers
If you are thinking about getting goats it’s a good idea to have an overview of basic goat care.

I know when I first started researching goats it was quite overwhelming.  They seemed much more complicated then chickens and I was afraid I would be do things wrong in preparing for them.

I was overwhelmed, and so I procrastinated.  Of course it’s usually worse to do nothing at all then to give it your best try.

So if you are going to try goats, don’t let overwhelm stand in your way.  Here are some basic goat care tips to help you get started with goats.

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Basic Goat Care Essentials

Goats can have a bit of a learning curve, so get your basic goat care down first before you bring your new goats home, or dive into more advanced care such as breeding and pregnancy.

It’s always a good idea to have everything set up and prepared BEFORE you get a new animal.

Read through some books.  Set up your fence and shelter.  Pick up any essentials from the feed store, and have a few phone numbers like a vet or experienced goat keeping friend to call if you need help.

Related Posts: How To Get Started Breeding Goats and Basic Goat Care: Pregnancy and Kidding

Also, keeping goats can sometimes seem really complicated.  There are a lot of details that you should be writing down, such as their pedigree, age, and all the supplements and other care that they need.

Keep All Your Goat Records In One Place

It’s a good idea to have one central place where you record all this information, especially so you can grab and go in an emergency if you need to.

One good resource I’ve found to make this easier is the Busy Homesteader’s Goat Management Binder. 

This printable binder is good for record keeping AND quick and easy reference while you’re out with your goats.

Click here to check it out.


Goats hate to get wet!  They need a sheltered place to sleep and get out of the rain.  Every recommendation I have seen suggests that a three sided shelter is sufficient.

Our shelters grew with our goats from a small shelter made out of scrap wood, to a dog igloo, and finally a shed.

Goats love to jump, so make sure they have some different levels they can get to.

Straw bales, the top of an igloo, picnic tables, custom built platforms or cable spools are all good choices.

Picnic Tables Make Great Goat Playgrounds

Remember that once you start kidding, you will want more space for separating kids, breeding does, and for setting up your milking stand.

Dwarf goats need a minimum of 10 feet of indoor space each.

Goat Proofing Your Yard

Also, goats really are escape artists.  They can fit through tiny holes, and jump onto and over the most unlikeliest things.

I have the yard goat proofed now but we had a few surprise visits in the garden before I realized what they were capable of doing.

A good rule of thumb is that if my cat can get past the fence so can the goats. Chain link is the best fencing.  Electric can be good too.

Nothing less than four feet tall will keep a goat in, and even then you may need to go up to six feet.


Goats need access to browse/pasture, or at the very least hay, and if they are growing, pregnant, or in milk they may also need grain.

Alfalfa can be good if they have a hard time keeping weight on while milking because it is very high protein.

The best way to feed hay is with a net or manger.  Our first hay manger had a slanted lid and an overhang to keep the hay dry.

It wasn’t too long before they jumped on top of the lid of their first manger and broke it.

Next we made a snazzy upcycled goat manger.  They decided to take naps in that one, and then complained the hay wasn’t fresh.

Our last manger we went all out and built a tall one with 2x4s.  It could hold an entire bale of hay, and it even went with my goats when they moved to a new home!

Related Post: How To Make An Upcycled Hay Manger

Minerals and Supplements

Goats also need supplemental minerals, which you can pick up at your feed store, and baking soda.

The baking soda is important for keeping their rumen happy, and without it they could get bloated and possibly die.

Originally, I put their baking soda and minerals in a dog food dish.  I noticed straw gets kicked into it a lot, so I tried mounting it off the ground slightly.

Then they stood on it and broke it.

(Are you sensing a theme yet?  Perhaps basic goat care is, “don’t let your goats break everything”…)

Now I use black rubber dishes because they are easy to dump and wash when they get soiled.  Check out the rubber dishes here.

Remembering when your goats are due for each supplement such as copper and selenium or other minerals can sometimes be a pain.  Make sure your write it down in one central location.

If you want to print a pre-made health record, check out the Busy Homesteader’s Goat Management Binder by clicking here.


Give your goats things to climb, such as cable spools and plenty of space to move and things to eat!

Goats like to jump and browse, so make sure they have plenty of things to do.  Just be sure to move everything far away from the fence line so they don’t accidentally jump out!

Goats can be rather picky about what they will eat, but most of them do a great job keeping bushy plants like blackberries under control.

If you don’t have a large yard, plan to take your goats on walks for their exercise.  They can be trained to a leash quite easily.

And one of the best parts of having urban goats is that you get to spend time with them!

We all enjoyed bringing them a little treat whenever we passed by.  They would come running for a back scratch and a snack.

In fact, sometimes they’d give a little “baa” to say hello and ask for a treat!

Related Post: How Much Space Do Your Goats Need To Be Happy


Goats don’t have a lot of health needs, but chances are you will need to do most of their care yourself, as there are not as many vets available that have experience with goats.

A mentor can help a lot while you learn to do basic health maintenance for your herd.

Related Post: Three Health Problems To Watch Out For In Dairy Goats

Hoof Trimming

Hoof trimming is pretty straightforward to teach yourself.  The first time I trimmed their hooves it went well.

Here’s how to do it.  It’s loads easier with a hoof trimmer, but you can use a pocket knife in a pinch.   Here’s the hoof trimmer I prefer.

Trim your goats hooves at least every couple months.

Control Worms and Parasites

Conventional goat keeping advises treating goats with a dewormer every six months.

You should be able to pick it up from the feed store to administer yourself.  You may also have the vet do it if you have one in your area.

Parasites are becoming more resistant to dewormers, so it’s best to only deworm as necessary.

Rotate goat pasture to reduce parasites

You can use FAMACHA or fecals to tell when it’s time.  Rotating goats from pasture to pasture will also help prevent the build up of worms on your property.

Worms can be one of the most damaging problems your goats will ever face.

This may seem like a lot to manage, but it’s important if you want to keep your goats happy and alive for the long term.

Annual Disease Testing

Unless you own your own buck and have a closed herd, send in each goat’s blood annually for disease testing.

At the very least, check for CAE/CL, although there are more comprehensive panels available.

You will need the testing results before breeding your goats if you hire a buck.

If there is a vet in your area, they will be able to complete this for you.   You can hire someone to do the annual blood draw, especially the first few times.

 Ultimately it’s a good idea to learn how to do it yourself.

This was always very difficult for me, but it’s really, really important to raise healthy stock prevent problems from spreading.

Also, make sure you KEEP ALL THE RECORDS!  You will need them before breeding or selling your animals.

The Goat Management Binder is a great place to store these sorts of documents.  Click here to check it out.

Your goats will have additional needs as you start breeding them and milking them.  But it’s nice to get the basics down and have happy, comfortable goats.

Always be prepared before bringing an animal home, and understand what type of care it will need!

Basic goat care isn’t difficult to learn, but know what to expect before you bring your first animals home!

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40 thoughts on “Basic Goat Care For New Goat Keepers”

  1. Just found out about you guys through Blue Yurt farms 5 farm round up. I noticed you mentioned something about you love the goats but hubbie doesn’t….just wondering how you deal with it (sorry if hubbie is seeing this, too…nothing against you sir ๐Ÿ™‚ I’m pretty sure I wouldn’t be able to convince my husband of changing his mind, but just wondering ๐Ÿ™‚ He really doesn’t like any animals, soooooo….not easy to homestead sometimes! ๐Ÿ™‚ Have a great day!

    • Yes, he hates the goats, but he’s pretty awesome and puts up with the animals because he knows I love them. I try not to make him do too much that’s goat related, although once I left for a weekend and he attempted to milk the goat for me and they got into a headbutting contest! He won. ๐Ÿ™‚ We also switched from letting all the animals free range in the yard to having a dedicated pen. They still come out during the day when I’m home, but I try to clean up any potential landmines quickly, and that helps a lot.

  2. Do u have videos of your coop, goat shed, etc? Looks like you do it all on about 1/10 of an acre….also, how and what did you depoison before getting goats? We have lots of oak trees, and I know they can get sick and die if they eat too many acorns/oak leaves, but the trees provide so much shade and prevent soil erosion on my sloped lot….thanks

    • Getting a map of my property up is still in my to do list. Before we got goats we cut down a laurel but we wanted it gone anyway. Don’t cut down your oak trees! Goats are less susceptible to oak poisoning than cattle, and if they have plenty of other foods they may likely be fine. I would take up leaves in the fall and know the signs of kidney issues and not worry too much about the oak trees.

  3. I have two pygmy goats ina large fenced in space 250ftX80ft. They have plenty of area to play, jump, and graze. I feed them 1st cut alfalfa from our local hay farm.

    I have owned the goats since they were 4 months old. My goats never ever let me pet them. I feed them everyday. I give them goat food as a snack with natural soap,Basic H2 Supercleaning. Long story short my goats won’t let me grav them at all. Any suggwstions. My male goat has worms. It doesn’t seem to be an issue yet. I have the deworming medicine but he won’t come closer than 2 feet for me to grab him. The only time I ever gave it to him I chased him for an hour. I’m not doing that again. I need a good alternative and effective deworming method.

    • You’ll want to create a smaller area to herd them into where you can grab them. You can also try luring them into a pen or crate by leaving food in there. Bring a friend or two to help, and hold on TIGHT. Goats are super strong. The good news is that the more you handle them the calmer they will get.

    • Are there resources recommend by 4H? Usually their information is very good. Make sure you have a dog house or something for your goat to have for shelter, and hay and minerals for food. You will probably be doing a bit of training with your goat, so that will help keep it entertained.

  4. I live in the city with a big yard. I thought it would be cool to plant bamboo. See where this is going? Would a goat help me get rid of the bamboo? How long does a goat live?

    • Goats will eat bamboo, along with pretty much everything else on your property. Goats live for as long as fifteen years, and they are herd animals, so you’ll need at least two. If you just want them for bamboo removal, maybe check if there is a goat rental service in your area for brush clearing!

  5. Hi,

    Iโ€™m thinking about getting just two goats as pets. Where would you suggest purchasing a smaller amount of hay for this?

  6. Thank you the great info! I just brought home my first ever goats last night. I am more nervous about them than when I brought home my first baby! Do they require salt like our mules and donkeys?

  7. My male goat has a really bad smell that the neighbors a few acres away can smell even when the wind isnโ€™t blowing much. What can I do for the smell?

    • Goats will be very lonely if they are on their own. They are herd animals. Male goats are easily castrated. I’ve never heard of a female goat being spayed.

      • I am getting 2 mini alpine mixed with Nigerian dwarf goats I have very nervous idk how to clip there nails idk when to give them minerals idk how much minerals to give how to give the minerals to them how often to feed them how much feed to give them how to give them there dewormer what medicine I need to get before getting them. So tbh idk anything to do and Iโ€™m really nervous pls help me

  8. Im thinking about getting a herd of goats, but the pen that they would go in would be shared with a pig. Do you think that the Saanen goats would get along with him?

  9. what is the deal with worms? should i be worried about “rotating” pastures if i live in a town home? if so what is rotating pastures? is it a good idea to get two male goats? we used to keep 6 chickens in our up cycled treehouse, is it ok to change that into a goat shelter and let them out when i go outside, otherwise i’d keep them inside (it is a pretty big area)? sorry lots of question

  10. Need your guidance. I live out in the country and pass 4 goats each tied up to a tree on a very short rope. They are not together. They have no shelter and today 1/20/20 it is 14 degree out and they have no shelter period. We have had some heavy rains and sleet and it is upsetting to know they are out there in such conditions. I have submitted a Livestock Abuse Complaint to the TN Dept of Agriculture-Animal Welfare but the man said they are fed and basically mind my own business. He was very abrupted with me. What can I do?

    • I’m so sorry. That is such a difficult situation. If you have any local animal control services or animal welfare groups I would try to contact them as well.

  11. Once again. Too many ignorant people!. I am appalled. You people are the reason animal rescue keeps busy. Stop keeping animals in urban settings. Stop getting animals when you are stupid. I am disgusted.

    • Mary, please feel free to make positive suggestions on how to best care for goats.

      There are many cases of goats being well cared for urban environments, as well as animals being mistreated on larger homesteads.

      Just like with dogs and cats, misinformation and inexperience can be serious problems.

  12. We brought a 4-1/2 week old buckling today. He has never been bottlefed before. We got some of his mother’s milk and were told that he would take it when he gets hungry enough. So far, no luck. We picked home up at 11 a.m. and it is now 7:30 p.m. He has nibbled on grass and other greens but not taken any milk despite our forcing the nipple into his mouth. Any suggestions or does he need to just get hungrier? We do not want him to go to long without and run into trouble. He has watched our doelings, who came to us already on the bottle, guzzle their bottles but still has less than no interest.

  13. Hello Kathryn,

    You’re a wealth of information! I’ve had sheep and goats for more than 15 years and I’ve never done any “extra” to care for them…never needed to! Never dewormed, trimmed hooves, no illness…just lucky I guess.

    We have two new does and our first buckling born on our ranch last Saturday! I’m suddenly overwhelmed with worry about what I need to do. I want to do the right things but not overdo it (hubby would flip if our livestock become a full-time hobby or beasts of burden). When to castrate (I’ve seen at least 20 different opinions)…how common is UC, should I be supplementing AC for prevention without any signs of this being an issue…I don’t want to cap his horns but EVERYONE says do it (my pygmy has his horns and he’s never hurt anyone).

    I have been asking neighbors and the breeder so many questions and I’m hoping to have one go-to source. Could that be you? Any feedback is welcome, even if you tell me to get a book and get lost.


    • If you are looking for one go-to resource I would suggest the book Holistic Goat Care by Gianaclis Caldwell.

      Also anything by Gail Damerow.


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